For 2020, Census Bureau plans to trade paper responses for digital ones | Pew Research Center

The 2020 census could be the first in which most Americans are counted over the internet. In fact, if all goes as planned, the Census Bureau won’t even send paper questionnaires to most households.

White workers have nearly five times as much wealth in retirement accounts as black workers | Economic Policy Institute

"However, as private-sector employers largely replaced defined-benefit pensions with defined-contribution plans, black workers fell behind their white counterparts. By 2014, only 47 percent of black workers had a retirement plan at work, versus 53 percent of their white counterparts. Black workers are both less likely to be offered a retirement plan and to opt into a voluntary plan—though whether or not they are offered a plan in the first place is the larger factor."

Here’s a Snapshot of Online Learning in 2015 – The Ticker – Blogs – The Chronicle of Higher Education

Very brief article!

The percentage of academic leaders who said online learning was critical to their institution’s mission dropped from 71 percent, in 2014 — the highest ever — to 63 percent.

The number of distance-education students increased at a slightly higher rate — 3.9 percent — from 2014 to 2015 than it did in the previous year.

The percentage of academic leaders who said their faculty members believe online education is legitimate remained very low — 29 percent.

The Princeton Bitcoin Textbook Is Now Free Online – Open Culture

On the Freedom to Tinker blog, ArvindNarayanan, a computer science professor at Princeton, announced yesterday:

The first complete draft of the Princeton Bitcoin textbook is now freely available. We’re very happy with how the book turned out: it’s comprehensive, at over 300 pages, but has a conversational style that keeps it readable.

15% of Americans don’t use the internet. Who are they? | Pew Research Center

The latest Pew Research analysis also shows that internet non-adoption is correlated to a number of demographic variables, including age, educational attainment, household income, race and ethnicity, and community type.

In Defense of Funny Diagrams (Wonkish) –

While this is about Econ, the idea of diagrams (models) is good in any field.

"Now, it’s true that the real economy isn’t characterized by competitive general equilibrium. But it’s still a useful baseline — not so much an idealization as a description of how things should be, which helps to cast how they really are into much sharper relief."

What Americans say it takes to be middle class | Pew Research Center

Note: defining what "middle class" is tough, in the context of survey respondents and their interpretation of what that is.

What does it take to be considered part of the middle class these days? The vast majority of American adults agree that a secure job and the ability to save money for the future are essential. The public is more evenly split when it comes to owning a home and having the time and money to travel for vacation. But one thing is now less likely to be seen as a requirement: a college education.