Employment fell because of the Great Recession, not the minimum wage: Study claiming the minimum wage harmed low-wage workers fails conventional tests | Economic Policy Institute


The analysis in this report supports the hypothesis that the federal minimum wage increase from $5.15 in 2007–to $7.25 in 2009 did little to affect employment levels. Industrial and geographic factors account for the employment differences between states with and without significant minimum wage increases, so these employment differences were correlated with but not caused by the minimum wage. Once the appropriate controls are included, employment differences between unbound and bound states are generally small and statistically insignificant.

Stop Treating HUD Like A Second-Tier Department | FiveThirtyEight


Article mentions the American Housing Survey:

"Experts pointed out how HUD did a poor job of collecting data about eviction, for instance. In response, starting with the 2017 AHS survey, HUD will incorporate a roster of eviction-related questions previously tested in the field."

APA Style Blog: Writing Website In-Text Citations and References


The short answer is that in most cases no, you do not put the URL in the text of the paper. In fact, the only time you would put a URL in the text would be to simply mention a website in passing. Because you’re citing specific information, you will need to write a regular APA Style author–date citation. Luckily, writing the in-text citation for a website or webpage is easy: Simply include the author and year of publication. The URL goes in the corresponding reference list entry (and yes, you can leave the links live).

APA Style Blog: Paraphrasing


All APA Style in-text citations have two parts: the author and the date. Some in-text citations also include page numbers (or other location information when page numbers are not available, as with some online materials). This post describes when and how to include page numbers in APA Style for different kinds of citations as well as how to include the appropriate location information in lieu of page numbers when page numbers are not available.

Weighing the Symbolic Value of the Safety Pin – Sociological Images


"Symbols have to be collective to have any meaning at all, and that is why they tend to have a fad-like character and are typically promulgated and distributed by organizations. That is also why people may contest the meaning of symbols. They are superficial and elusive conveyors of meaning. There are no clear guidelines about when to display symbols and how they will be interpreted. But the use of symbols to convey one’s identity and stance with respect to important issues is an important part of how people come to perceive the opinions of those around them. And that is important."

MSPB needs better whistleblower appeals data process, says GAO


Strengthening the recording and reporting process for Merit Systems Protection Board appeals data could provide a more accurate view of reprisals toward and protections for federal whistleblowers, according to a Nov. 28 report released by the Government Accountability Office.